If You Think Education Is Unworthy, Try Ignorance; Says Kwale Professor

By

Prof. Dr. Halimu Shauri

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"If the misery of the poor be caused not by the laws of nature but by our institutions, great is our sin."
 Charles Darwin

The founding father of the nation Mzee Jomo Kenyatta outlined the three key challenges facing independent Kenya to include, allow me to call them “the triple evils”, poverty, disease and ignorance. Apparently, from the down of independence in 1963, the triple evils have persisted through President Moi, Kibaki and now Uhuru administrations. I would like to focus on education and leave poverty and disease for future articles, with your permission. I know you are wondering why the choice of education and not any of the other two or all of them? It is good to have a critical and interrogative mind because not all that we see and conceive is gold.

Your answer in my choice of education is because I consider education as the purpose of human life through what we learn and do. This is supported by religious scriptures, aka in Islam, Prophet Mohammed, Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH) was started with “Iqra” in the Holy Quran, meaning read and in the Holy Bible, “those who know and those who don’t know are not the same”. Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) further emphasized that seeking knowledge is compulsory and that seeking knowledge even if it comes from far away like China or from the mouth of a dog is acceptable. All these scenarios point to the prominence of education to mankind. I personally see learning and hence education as life because it is the only thing that humanity has to have to live a complete life. Indeed, from learning and hence education we work, eat, stay healthy, participate in religious and community affairs etc. More precisely, from birth, when we are tabularaza (Blanc slate in the mind) we learn how to do things and do them. The process of learning take place in five major areas called agents of socialization in my field of study. They include the family, peers, school, religious institutions, and mass media. In all these institutions we learn new things and implement, making learning/education life itself. One may ask, what about the end of our lives?

Yes, when we die we are also learning how to die and how we stop thinking. However, the unfortunate thing is that knowledge that we gain when dying is never available for sharing. Indeed, we miss the audience on earth to teach them, the how of dying. This brings me back to the question of what is learning and hence education to me? My answer is, it is everything a human being needs to navigate life. In fact, it has the power to tackle our hitherto independence challenges of poverty and diseases, among other emerging challenges of modern times such as exclusion, insecurity, poor governance to mention a few. Indeed, if am given an opportunity to choose three things for humanity, your guess is obviously not mine I Know because it is not wealth, power and status but 1: Education; 2: Education and 3: Education. The question that then should occupy your mind is what efforts have been made to make sure Kenyans are educated?

Kenya has tried a number of efforts to arrive at this ideal of an educated population comparing the status of education in pre-independence years. Immediately after independence a commission that came to be called Ominde Commission was set up to spearhead educational reforms in Kenya. The Ominde Commission made Kenya to transit from the colonial system of education to the seven (7) primary years, four (4) secondary or O-level, two (2) A-level or form six and three (3) university depending of the course taken, aka 7:4:2:3 system of education. When this system could not work well for Kenya, it was changed during President Moi’s reign to eight (8) primary years, four (4) secondary and four (4) university, aka 8-4-4 system depending on the course taken. This system was supposed to ensure skill based learning and correct the exam and academic focused 7:4:2:3. Alas, after a few years the 8-4-4 curriculum was adulterated like palm wine of a celebrated tapper. The consequence was going back where we started, with academics and examination taking the driver’s seat. Academic performance ushered stiff competition for better grades and the country became engrossed in rewarding good grades regardless of how they have been obtained or lack of learning at all in some instances. Lack of learning! You may be wondering. Yes, some of the best graduates could not even tackle basic arithmetic or write a paragraph of good English or even express themselves well.  The question now is are we still there?

As I place my pen on the slate, yes we are deep in the 8-4-4 system. The challenges of the system are immense. From poor infrastructure, weak management to inadequacy of teachers and learning materials and equipment. The inadequacies sunk us even deeper giving rise to a plethora or school classification at the secondary level. While all primary schools are either just public or private, public secondary schools became baptized as national, extra county, county etc schools, while private secondary remained so. One is left wondering why then are public secondary schools categorized and yet they are all financed from the government treasury? I would expect all public secondary schools to remain public schools without stratifying them. We should in fact, standardize all of them because this diversity creates a feeling that some Kenyans children are going to mediocre schools compared to those going to national schools. Why prohibit discrimination in our Constitution 2010 and retain it in our secondary schools?

Apparently, Kenya is taking a new trajectory and there are proposals by one Dr Fred Matiangi to change the 8-4-4 system to 2-6-6-3 system, where 2 years will be spent in a kindergarten, 3 and 3, making the first 6, in lower and upper primary, and the next 3 and 3, making the second 6, in lower and upper secondary school respectively, with 3 years at university. The country failed to make this transition this 2018 because of inadequate preparations but hopeful this will be surmounted and system is expected to kick off in 2019, for piloting is ongoing. Plans are indeed in top gear sealing gaps in the system to see the dream works through development of sessional paper, curriculum policy, training of teachers in pedagogy, development of an assessment mechanism to replace the exam based approach, infrastructure etc. Are there problems for all seems set? I know you are asking.

The 2-6-6-3 system is poised to handle the challenges of its predecessor, the 8-4-4 system. To recap, the current system is exam oriented and prepares students to cram. Learning by rot and vomiting content during national examinations. Indeed, little learning is taking place in our educational institutions, for we are busy churning out parrots instead of skilled manpower for the country’s development agenda. If the purpose of life, inter alia, is learning and doing, then this purpose of life is not being met fully by the current system. Further, problems of transition have left in their wake wastage of human resources that could otherwise participate effectively in national development. The new system should therefore ensure that transition reaches near 100% if not 100% and it is possible. We must open opportunities for our children in many and diverse areas of professional development. Indeed, the 2-6-6-3 system is proposing three key areas of focus to include Science, Technological Education and Math (STEM), Humanities and Social Sciences and Talent or skill development. The system provides hope for a paradigm shift from learning by rot to what is called learner based teaching. This way every child will have an opportunity to actualize their full potential by doing what is best and unique for themselves. Talking about transition and wastage, brings me to my case study, Kwale County? What about Kwale you be asking?

Kwale has had a plethora of challenges in the educational sector. The list of challenges is long but a few include poor infrastructure and performance, inadequate teachers, poor management of schools, lack of role models, attitudes of parents, community and stakeholders, illiteracy, high dropout rate and early pregnancies. Diverse stakeholders have been supporting the dream of education in the county targeting different areas of need. One of the stakeholders has been Equity Bank through its Wings to Fly initiative. This donor has focused on supporting poor but bright children for a while now with fees. Because of endemic poverty in the county such support comes in handy. However, fees is not the only problem but part of the iceberg of educational challenges in Kwale. This is epitomized by the poor performance posted by the Wings to Fly beneficiaries from Kwale as evidenced in media reports recently. The same approach was adopted by the County Government of Kwale (COK) through its bursary scheme to best performers in primary schools, especially those joining national schools. The county sets aside to the tune of 400 Million for this purpose. Again, like Equity Bank, after first round of support to the best performers, they too returned poor performance as thanks to the county diagnosis of fees as the key problem of education in Kwale. Isn’t this the worst in Kwale you be asking?

My answer is an emphatic no with a convincing set of reasons. First, is the fact that we must recognize that education is life and thus it should be availed to all who need it to live. Its availability should not be exclusive but inclusive regardless of diversity experienced in the community in accordance with the global 2030 agenda of Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs). The fact that we only support those who score 350 marks, now revised to 370 and in national schools is not bad but we must ask ourselves hard questions, like what happens to those who score below the threshold? History has shown that poor performers in primary have become excellent performers in higher education and some like Prof. Mazuri global celebrities and vice versa. A score of 350/370, though great does not guarantee higher grades in other levels of learning and vice versa as evidenced by the first round of county sponsorships. The worst, is not even the foregoing but the revelation by Dr Fred Matiangi that Kwale County had been allocated over 5000 slots in form one places but alas only a little over 700 had taken their places. This marks the lowest transition rate ever for Kwale County in years. A county that is in pain of insecurity borne out by Al-shabaab returnees due to among other reasons education wastage, illiteracy and the resultant exclusion, the question would therefore be where is the hope?

The danger of further exclusion for Kwale is real, more real than reality itself. The county already suffers a baggage of historical injustices, exclusion, marginalization and run away insecurity.  The county is home to insecurity theatrics, from Kaya Bombo, to Mlungu Nipa 1 & 2, to Mombasa Republican Council (MRC) to Al-shabaab returnees and now criminal gangs, aka Kobe sugu, wajukuu wa bibi, babu na mtume pia, wah! Etc. All these groups are triggered by identity, social injustices, marginalization, historical issues, exclusive but above all educational wastage in its various manifestations in the county. While Kwale has become the investment county of choice in Kenya, care must be taken to broaden education opportunities for the youth that will guarantee inclusion of the community members in the development agenda of the county. What then should be of priority, you may ask?

The priority discussion should be focused in three areas as defined by my theory of the three corners of educational success. You may be wondering which theory is this or what is captured in these corners? Relax, a triangle has three corners, at the bottom two corner sides, left and right, rests teachers and parents and at the top corner, points to the student(s). The community and other stakeholders form the body or area of the triangle of success. Their role is to synergize the work and efforts of the three actors of educational success. Thus, the three pillars must be made to work synergistically for success in education to be realized. The mistake we therefore make as stakeholders is to over focus on a single issue such as early learning or fees that we consider as the problem, while the key correlates of success are left un-attended. Thus, successful performance is not only about meeting fee obligation but a realization that the cogs of educational success, parents, teachers and students are moving in sync. An investment in successful education is therefore an investment in the pillars of success. What is the way forward then?

The way forward is simply a dialogue with ourselves on how to fix this problem. External intervention will not and has not fixed the problem for over 5 decades now. Individual, ant approach has not and will not either! They say charity begins at home, because it is the home that knows the problem at hand and what arsenals it has to fix it. Am beginning the charity by asking for an open, transparent, respectful and inclusive county dialogue on the state of education in Kwale County. If we don’t have this dialogue we risk committing injustice to ourselves, self-marginalization, and exclusion, especially in the scramble for wealth in the county that is deepening with limited public participation. Dialogue on the state of education is indeed the only educational viva in Kwale County.

Solve the Human Wildlife Conflict Now, Governor Samboja Tells Government

By the Coast Reporter

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Taita Taveta governor Granton Samboja will engage the National government in an effort to find a lasting solution to the perennial human wildlife conflict in the region.

Speaking at Sagalla Ward during his Asante Sana tour, the governor said that the county residents have suffered for long and time has come for the government to give a long lasting solution to them.

During the meetings, the residents led by area MCA Godwin Kilele threatened to hold demonstrations and close the busy Nairobi Mombasa highway come next week to protest the losses they incur through wildlife.

“We have complained for long without getting any positive answers to this elephant menace. Next week I will meet Matiangi to discuss the matter. Just be patient my people. If we don’t get a positive answer after the meeting, I will be at the fore front during the demonstrations,” said the governor.

Samboja lashed on the KWS for caring more for the elephants at the expense of human lives.

“Our children cannot go to school because of the marauding elephants. KWS cares for the elephants more than us. We have to protect the people more than elephants,” said the county boss.

Kilele expressed his disappointments with KWS for failing to compensate his residents for their food crops destroyed by elephants in the region.

He added that KWS does not bother to take records of human-wildlife conflict victims.

 “We have been reduced to beggars despite our hard work in our farms. We have tried all efforts to send the message to KWS but they have given us a deaf ear,” said the MCA.

The governor said that he will work hand in hand with the MCAs to ensure development is realized.

Close Your Filth Brothel Before I bounce on you; Marwa Orders

By the Coast Reporter

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Coast Regional coordinator Nelson Marwa has ordered for the closure of all clubs that engage in immoral activities during night hours.

Speaking to journalists in Mombasa on Friday the coast region security boss said there are about four clubs within the county that engage in immoral activities including hiring of young ladies for nude dancing session.

Marwa ordered the county government t6o immediately withdraw the licenses of these clubs which he says are going against the culture and norm of the local community and offending the law as well.

 “There are clubs here that engage our young ladies in unethical conduct. I want the county government to review the licenses of these clubs.” He said

He added that those clubs are mainly in Nyali, Mombasa sub counties where young ladies are hired by the owners to dance for revealers while bare naked.

The security official also ordered for the tight enforcement of Shisha ban in all dens across the six counties insisting that security organs must be on the lookout.

“I order that all shisha dens and clubs be closed as directed by the law or I will close them by myself.” Marwa exclaimed

He said as the top security organ within the region he would not entertain any form of un lawlessness.

At the same time Marwa has appealed to the county to county government to work closely with the National government in the efforts of putting inorder to organize for a joint city cleaning campaign.

He called on all the stakeholders to cooperate and eradicate the waste menace within Mombasa county insisting that they should avoid the blame game concerning the cleanliness of the tourist city.

“Mr county commissioner I want you to liase with the office of the governor so that you may claen up the city.” The security official highlighted

Marwa applauded private investors for uplifting the general welfare by conducting a series of cleaning and undertaking some of the development projects within Mombasa county.

Meanwhile, Marwa warned all contractors in the region awarded tenders by either the National or County government to complete the projects within the stipulated time or else they lose their job.

The official stated that the security department will oversee the general performance of all the contractors in all the six coastal counties.

“I want to warn all those contractors sleeping on their jobs that we will not sit back and watch at them playing around with the taxpayers” Marwa cautioned

He said all development projects belong to Kenyans and ordered the contractors to complete the awarded tenders in time to avoid mismanagement of public funds.

On the issue of the operation Peleka mtoto shule launched by Education Cabinet Secretary Dr. Fred Matiang’i on Wednesday, Marwa highlighted that the operation has been adopted in all the six coastal counties.

He said the government is committed to providing education to all Kenyans and called on parents to take their children to school.

“The operation Peleka mototo shule has been adopted in all the six counties in this region. The government is determined to providing education to all Kenyans.” He confirmed.

CS MAtiang’I launched the operation after meeting with Coast Leaders to discuss the fate of school going children who were yet to report for the form one selection.

Concerning the security situation in Lamu, the security boss said the government is revising the Linda Boni Operation adding that it is committed to public service.

He pointed out that the security situation in Lamu County has been sustained assuring Kenyans that the operation has totally succeeded.

“As security agents in this region we are revising on the operation to see how we can fully take control of the Bon I forest” He said

He reiterated that security has been beefed up in all the coastal counties and warned all those who are intending to disrupt the prevailing peace within the coast region not to dare try it.

Government to Relocate Mama Ngina Girls out of Mombasa Island

By the coast news Reporter

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The government has released a sum of kshs 100 million to finance the relocation Mama Ngina High school in Shanzu within Mombasa County.

Addressing students at the school premises in Mombasa on Wednesday, Education cabinet secretary Dr Fred Matiang said the new academic facility will be constructed on a 10 acre parcel of land around Shimo la Tewa Secondary.

The CS said the new site will allow for the construction of a much larger facility taking into consideration of the fact that the current one lacks adequate space.

“The new site is quite bigger approximately 10 acres. This facility will be operational as from January 2019” Matiang said

Matiang added that the facility will also accommodate day scholars once it’s in operation.

Currently Mama Ngina sits on 0.7 acres of land with a capacity of 800 girls situated within the island in Kizingo area.

Mama Ngina Girls Principal Mwanahamis Omar says the area is too small for the facility and they are forced to squeeze in buildings to accommodate all the relevant operations.

The education boss also noted that the government has allocated kshs 22,240 as tuition fees for all students throughout the country.

“The new facility will also have a section for day school students so that every student can be guaranteed of an equal opportunity.” The official stated

He further said stated that the government is committed to improving the quality of education by offering learning resources to all public schools throughout the country.

He urged students to be focused and determined in their studies in order for them to excel in their exams.

He said the government supply to all schools he academic resources for the prosperity of all students adding that it is preparing the students for a globally competitive market

“We are equipping you for a globally competitive market, I therefore want you to be focused in your studies” The education CS said

The school Principal also noted that in 2017, the school registered a total of 172 form four students who sat the Kenya certificate of secondary education KCSE with 90 students attained university grades while a majority of them attained aggregate grades of C plain and C minus.

“We registered 172 students during the 2017 KCSE out of whom 90 students made their way to the university. “The school principal said

She admitted that they have been recruiting students from various parts of the country saying the admission process still going on.

She applauded the government initiative to relocate the institution saying they will save school funds for hiring external playing field for recreation purposes for the students.

”Admission of form one is still ongoing and we expect the class to be full by Friday this week.” She added

Mama Ngina Girls High School is one of the national schools in Mombasa County situated within the island.

Meanwhile Kwale Governor Salim Mvurya received standing ovation at Kenya School of Government Mombasa, for his County exemplary education bursary project.

Education CS Dr. Fred. Matiang'i described Kwale as "the country's showcase, an excellent case study in education" and applauded the Elimu ni Sasa Initiative started by the Governor in 2013.

"The Kwale County Government has invested so much in education. Kwale today is a showcase,

our excellent case study in the country," said Dr. Matiang'i.

School principals, county and deputy county commissioners from all the six coast counties, administrators, MPs, education stakeholders, professionals and other stakeholders converged on Wednesday to discuss the way forward for students who have not shown up for their secondary school course despite having been selected to join various learning institutions.

Kwale Senator Issa Juma Boy, Woman Rep Zuleikha Juma, Kinango MP Benjamin Tayari, Matuga MP Sawa Tandaza and Kilifi North MP Owen Baya all praised Governor Mvurya for the exemplary bursary programme that is unique in Kenya.

Governor Mvurya said more than 3,310 students are receiving 100% bursary in national schools and more than 500 who have just joined Form One have received 100% bursary already. The Governor assured:

"Our bursary is 100% and our cheques do not bounce, they are banker's cheques"

Mrima Mineral Ghost is Back as Kenyans Scramble for Kwale Wealth

By

Prof. Dr. Halimu Shauri

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History has taught us many lessons and the method of historicism is a key method, akin to the highest method of knowing, the scientific method. Why do I say so? History has it that Africa had lots of, allow me to use the word, “virgin resources” more than the western powers that now brag as G8 early in the centuries that have defined human life. The rich resources prompted missionaries to visit Africa, as betrayed by their own concepts of, explorers or even missionaries. Now we are cleaver we know what is to explore and what is a mission, albeit very late in time. Their mission was therefore covered in a sweet message, that of spreading the word of God. Because Africa had many gods, the oneness of their God became appealing and Africans got blinded in their mission or exploration. However, the explorers and missionaries, deep down, knew what they were after. If you may ask, what were they after really?

They came with the zeal and resolve to conquer and steal the wealth of Africa. You may be asking yourself how? They started enslaving us by creating a huge market for human labour abroad in their production mechanisms. Through slave trade or human commoditization, able and strong men and women were sold off and shipped like goats to Europe at little or no descent value. Strong men and women, who could provide strong human breeds for the continent’s development were sold in slave markets across Africa like mangoes and bananas. From West, North, South and East Africa, the story was the same. I was in Zanzibar last week and I saw the remains of a huge slave market. Similar markets and routes were also in Kenya in areas such as Shimoni, Mtwapa, Gazi, Mombasa, Takaungu, Mambrui to mention but a few. The business here was Africans selling their fellow Africans, akin to what is happening today the difference being the commodity and tools of trade. How sad this happened and that it was engineered and run by fellow Africans, who even lacked capacity to value the human commodity well! I know you are asking what happened next.

The Europeans after stealing human wealth in Africa, especially the very strong men and women in the likes of Sarah batman, (google and read about the sad story of this beautiful and huge South African former slave) they sat in Berlin, Germany, as if enough was not enough, and planned to partition Africa and colonize it. What for, you may be asking? This time they were interested in total control of our resources and this was to be attained through political governance. The say in Swahili “Mchovya Asali, achovyi mara moja/ others say humaliza buyu la Asali), meaning those who lick honey don’t lick once, they do so till they finish it. Colonization would and indeed it enabled them exploit our, now that am allowed to use the word, “virgin” land in agriculture, and mineral wealth. They used this and raped African wealth to modernize and industrialize their countries just like they continue doing to date through multi-nationals in Africa. But why do I bring this history now, more than 5 decades since some African countries, including Kenya, attained, allow me to call it self-occupancy of the seat of power than independence because we are real not free from the hook yet?

Yes, neo-colonialism took over immediately after self-occupancy of the seat of power. African leaders continued perpetuating what their masters taught them by exploiting Africa in an unbalanced trade and poor governance. Like the slave traders, early leaders started raping their countries with no mercy. Personally, I could excuse the colonialists because they did not have relatives here or Africa at heart. Alas! Our own sons and daughters occupying seats of power are killing mother Africa without due regard to their relatives and neighbors. What a pity! We are not different from the hitherto African slave merchants, who sold their own brothers and sisters for some pennies. Indeed, the neo-colonialists have continued looting from the people of Africa. They now come in a new style, disguised as multi-national companies to transact business in Africa on a delusional willing buyer and willing seller basis. Multi-nationals indeed reap huge, maybe not better, gargantuan profits, drop some pallets in Africa and repatriate the rest to further develop their countries abroad. They value our own currency in foreign terms, US$, Euros, Pounds etc. what is the hallmark of this? To further sink Africa in the abyss of indebtedness and reprehensible poverty. Who says Africa will catch up with Europe? Let them come out and challenge my thesis, never, as we develop they accentuate their development. But you are wondering how this affects you in Kenya?

Kenya, like other African countries, has many multi-national companies operating within its borders. These companies are still reaping from the remnants left by “real colonialists”. If I can borrow a leaf from Kwale County, now considered the investment destination for obvious reasons that I will not say here because it’s not the subject of this article. In this county, multi-nationals have pitted camp to exploit agricultural and mineral resources just like the colonial days. Minerals worth trillions, if not zillions of shillings are being exploited daily with no mercy of the local communities. The county is supposed to benefit from unregulated Corporate Philanthropy and not even Corporate Social Responsibility and some royalties pegged at 5% of the wealth repatriated abroad. What is sad is that no one know how this 5% is derived. Is it derived from gross or net mineral export? Who keeps the records of such repatriation? Who has received this 5% since inception of operations? And how has the community, where the project is situated in their midst benefitted? These and many disturbing questions take us back to the history of colonization as narrated. The dynamics are vivid, from colonialists killing Africa to Africans killing Africa, by extension themselves and their future generations.

What is not clear also is why the mining companies have refused to value add their produce. Like the colonial time, Africa and its occupancy of seats of power have remained exporters of raw materials and importers of finished products. What a clever way of doing business made in Europe. Lets buy raw materials almost for free and lets value add at home and sale them back at an exorbitant price. This is a kin to saying, these dudes are rich but poor in their heads, lets exploit them forever! Indeed, Lorries and Lorries, violating even the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) interval of 20-30 minutes per lorry, are ferrying mineral wealth out of an impoverished Kwale County. The damage caused to the environment and health of the people in pollution related residues to water sources and sounds of machines and Lorries, no leader seems to care, probably because they don’t spend much time in the vicinity like the locals.

Then entered the agricultural investor taking large tracks of land from the community, whose takeover has remained contentious and subject of a court battle to date. We cannot belabor much because this is a live matter in our courts of law. What maybe wrong you may be wondering? The taking of land and lack of local content and participation in the conduct of the investor business is a cause of concern. Further, the water dams have denied smooth flow of river water, traditionally a source of livelihood downstream to the community. This is in addition to the accidents and health hazards posed by the dams. Some people have drowned, mosquitoes and snails, breeding Schistomiasis are cases in point, as a recent research I have participated in has shown. The effects of Schistomiasis on educational performance has been documented, probably this is one of the reasons for increased poor performance in examinations in the county. What’s new you may be asking yourself?

The scramble for Kwale wealth continues, akin to Afro-cinema continues, with the clear entry of new actors disguised as investors in sea ports. The entry of SSL and SIDEP is not clear and transparent in terms of their motivation for Kwale as an investment destination. The nascent investors are dangling goodies, that have never been dangled anywhere before in the history of Kenya. If everything remains constant (seteris peribus), Kwale County will be next to either Zurich, most beautiful and expensive city in the world or Munich, the second. What a dream dangled to a poor and desperate community, which has suffered years of historical injustices and marginalization! What is the problem you may ask? Yes, there is a problem because the process has been opaque, due diligence has not been properly done. Whether EIAs, SIA, and HIAs have been done remains a mirage. Public participation has been in limbo with the Kwale County Assembly Speaker making a press statement of their non-involvement in the process. If the assembly, is not involved, then who is surely! This has made me to suddenly think whether Kwale has become a private property, aka sole proprietorship or kiosk, which is not at least the last time I checked. Several questions have therefore emerged and they need urgent answers from the architects, else they get misconstrued as architects of doom for the people of Kwale County. How for example will the project 60 Trillion impact on the people of Kwale? How will the community benefit from the project? Or whether this is another ploy to now finish them completely? The hardest question is why Kwale County now?

The timing has been suspicious and made more wary during the electioneering period when Kwale got loads of attention. Speculations and rumors are rife in the community that the Shimoni Port project is a disguise but the real aim is the rich adjacent hill of Mrima, allow me to call it the “hill of wealth”. The “hill of wealth” has been controversial and some people have stopped thinking because of the scramble to own or have a piece of it. This calls for the engineers of the project to clear the air by scaling up transparency of the process and ensure due diligence is followed for the benefit of all. Above all let there be a county dialogue involving all the stakeholders, agenda: The Shimoni Port project. Allow me to offer unsolicited consultancy as a Social Scientist, that community involvement is key to the success of any project. Lack of community participation, aka public participation in the Constitution 2010, risks the projects inceptors to be perceived not as architects of development but of doom, bringing to life the ghost of Mrima Hills, the” hill of wealth”.

What Ails Coast Students to be Unraveled as Matiang Meets Coast Leaders

By Peter Kombe

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Education cabinet secretary Fred Matiang has a cup full of issues to handle as he meets the Coast leadership in Mombasa on Wednesday.

 Matiang is scheduled to meet the Coast leaders and education stakeholders to deliberate on the way forward as the region experienced a low turnout of students who were supposed to have reported for form one intake.

The CS is also expected to tackle the issue of mass failure in the form four examinations that have caused a lot of uproar not only in Coast region but also in the Country at large.

Parents have also raised alarm on the issue of school fees as promised by the Jubilee government during the campaign period as well as the new curriculum that is being enforced.

Already Kilifi County Governor Ammerson Kingi had indicated that he’s been in contact with the CS on the same.

Already the Kenya National Union of Teachers KNUT Kilindini branch secretary Dan Aloo has strongly opposed the new curriculum claiming that it lacks legal backing.

Speaking to the Coast Newspaper in Mombasa on Tuesday, Aloo illustrated that the new curriculum has no sister model from which it is acquired.

The KNUT official insisted that in order for the curriculum to thrive well it requires the support of foreign donors and well wishers.

He said unlike the 8-4-4 system which came to force through a Sessional Paper tabled in parliament during the Nyayo era the new curriculum lacks legal backing.

 “The 8.4.4 system came to force though a sessional paper tabled in parliament. The new curriculum has no model from which it is obtained.” He said

Aloo however noted that the Education Cabinet Secretary ought to have presented a sessional paper in parliament to allow for discussion on the same, make necessary reviews on the new curriculum before enforcing it.

“In order for the new curriculum to do well it needs the support of donors and well wishers.” Aloo pointed out.

He faulted the CS for on claims of having hastened the new education system saying that it is out of the academic declaration.

On the issue of the yellow order School bus, the KNUT official pointed out that the initiative squarely rests under the school board of management.

He added that every institution throughout the country has a distinct colour and therefore painting yellow to all school buses will be equal to creating unnecessary conflicts.

“The issue of yellow buses would actually lead to conflicts. The school bus initiative is a responsibility of the school board of management.” He said

Aloo reiterated that different schools throughout the country are identified by their respective colours.

Concerning the free secondary education, the union official advised that the government should scrap off all the fees charged to students.

He faulted that education ministry for having gone against its promises to Kenyans.

“I would rather advise that the government scrap off school fees to all the students throughout the country.” He outlined

At the same time the union official claimed that currently the ministry has not rolled out a comprehensive curriculum design, a complete syllabus, and an illustrated teacher’s guide to all the schools throughout the country.

Meanwhile, some parents in Mombasa County have expressed fears that it will be extremely difficult for the teachers to implement the new curriculum citing scarcity of resources.

They still feel that the 8-4-4 system was still relevant taking into consideration that it was exam based, insisting that examinations are the only way to determine the ability of a student.

“The 8-4-4 system was relevant as it was exam based. It will be a bit difficult for teachers to implement the curriculum due to lack of resources.” one of the parents said

He however called for a further consultation from all the stakeholders including the government, Unions, teachers, parents and students before fully implementing the new curriculum.

Coast Politicians to be Named in Uhuru's Cabinet

Several Coast Politicians are set to be named in the new cabinet that is expected at anytime. Word has it that Former Kilifi North Legislator Gideon Mungáro is among those to be appointed.

Sources have revealed that the president will also appoint another Mijikenda based in Mombasa as one of his cabinet secretaries.

 The source has also revealed that both the Tourism and Mining cabinet Secretaries hang in the balance.

Coast Politicians to be Named in Uhuru's Cabinet

You Can Be Sworn In as a Village President If You So Wish: Raila Told

By The Coast Newspaper Team

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Website www.thecoast.co.ke

Former Prime Minister Raila Odinga has been castigated for allegations of playing hide and seek politics.

Raila has been blamed for playing around with the minds of his loyal supporters for cheating them that he can be sworn in as the president of the Republic of Kenya while knowing for sure it’s relatively impossible.

Former Chairman for the Coast Parliamentary Group CPG Gideon Mung’aro says riding on the political goodwill he enjoys and misleads people for no apparent reason.

“Raila is very much aware that what he is championing for is unattainable but he is still busy convincing people that he will be sworn in. Yes he can be sworn in as the president of Nyumba Kumi or village elders for that none will stop him from doing it. He can as well go ahead with his plan but not to be sworn as the President of this Republic” Mung’aro said.

Mung’aro added that Raila cannot unite the country claiming that he funs tribalism.

“How would you lead the country when you believe that a certain tribe is not fit to share the nation with you, how do we trust you when we are aware that you were involved in certain scams” he claimed.

The National Resistance Movement NRM leader has repeatedly said that he would be sworn in anytime as the President of the Peoples assembly.

In his New Year message the opposition leader insisted that he will rally his supporters to demonstrate in the streets to force the government to a negotiation table and add emphasis on the boycott call.

Addressing a battery of Journalists in Mombasa on Sunday, the former Kilifi North Legislator urged Coast residents to forget about politics instead focus on development as the New Year 2018 ushers in.

Mung’aro said as the New Year ushers in Coast residents have to forge their way forward in ensuring that they are incorporated in the current administration.

He insisted that through the Jubilee administration, the Coast region has realized dozens of development projects.

“It is high time Coast residents find some ways of incorporating themselves in the national government. Through this government, this region Coast has realized so meaningful developments” Mung’aro pointed out.

The former lawmaker outlined that every county within the coastal region has a track record of development since the jubilee administration came to power.

“I’m working closely with a section of politicians, clergy, women and the youth in an effort to realize progress in this region.” He stated.

Mung’aro blamed some of the political leaders from the region for opposing the construction of the Inland Container Depots (ICD’s) which is underway in various parts of the country.

He stated that ICD’s have been in existence since time immemorial adding that the construction of the same will ease congestion of containers at the Port of Mombasa.

“ICD’s have been in existence for many years. Initially we had only three but with time we shall have some more.” he said.

Mombasa Governor Ali Hassan Joho has been at the forefront opposing the government in the construction of Inland Container Depot saying it will take away business opportunities from his county.

On the issue of cessation by some of the politicians within the region, Mung’aro termed the move as baseless claiming it has no space in the country.

“The cessation issue has no place here, these politicians are moving nowhere.” He said

At the same time, Kilifi County nominated senator Christine Zawadi called on the locals to apply for various funds disbursed by both the national and the County government.

She highlighted that compared to other coastal counties Kilifi County has not been able to fully utilize the funds released by the national government.

“I want to call upon Kilifi County residents to apply for all the funds from the national government.” The nominated senator said.

 The senator urged county governments to adhere to the 30 per cent tender allocation to the youth and women.

She pleaded on Kenyans throughout the country to maintain peace insisting that the political heat has faded away and Kenyans should strive to put food on the table and develop the country at large.

You Can Be Sworn In as a Village President If You So Wish: Raila Told

By The Coast Newspaper Team

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Website www.thecoast.co.ke

Former Prime Minister Raila Odinga has been castigated for allegations of playing hide and seek politics.

Raila has been blamed for playing around with the minds of his loyal supporters for cheating them that he can be sworn in as the president of the Republic of Kenya while knowing for sure it’s relatively impossible.

Former Chairman for the Coast Parliamentary Group CPG Gideon Mung’aro says riding on the political goodwill he enjoys and misleads people for no apparent reason.

“Raila is very much aware that what he is championing for is unattainable but he is still busy convincing people that he will be sworn in. Yes he can be sworn in as the president of Nyumba Kumi or village elders for that none will stop him from doing it. He can as well go ahead with his plan but not to be sworn as the President of this Republic” Mung’aro said.

Mung’aro added that Raila cannot unite the country claiming that he funs tribalism.

“How would you lead the country when you believe that a certain tribe is not fit to share the nation with you, how do we trust you when we are aware that you were involved in certain scams” he claimed.

The National Resistance Movement NRM leader has repeatedly said that he would be sworn in anytime as the President of the Peoples assembly.

In his New Year message the opposition leader insisted that he will rally his supporters to demonstrate in the streets to force the government to a negotiation table and add emphasis on the boycott call.

Addressing a battery of Journalists in Mombasa on Sunday, the former Kilifi North Legislator urged Coast residents to forget about politics instead focus on development as the New Year 2018 ushers in.

Mung’aro said as the New Year ushers in Coast residents have to forge their way forward in ensuring that they are incorporated in the current administration.

He insisted that through the Jubilee administration, the Coast region has realized dozens of development projects.

“It is high time Coast residents find some ways of incorporating themselves in the national government. Through this government, this region Coast has realized so meaningful developments” Mung’aro pointed out.

The former lawmaker outlined that every county within the coastal region has a track record of development since the jubilee administration came to power.

“I’m working closely with a section of politicians, clergy, women and the youth in an effort to realize progress in this region.” He stated.

Mung’aro blamed some of the political leaders from the region for opposing the construction of the Inland Container Depots (ICD’s) which is underway in various parts of the country.

He stated that ICD’s have been in existence since time immemorial adding that the construction of the same will ease congestion of containers at the Port of Mombasa.

“ICD’s have been in existence for many years. Initially we had only three but with time we shall have some more.” he said.

Mombasa Governor Ali Hassan Joho has been at the forefront opposing the government in the construction of Inland Container Depot saying it will take away business opportunities from his county.

On the issue of cessation by some of the politicians within the region, Mung’aro termed the move as baseless claiming it has no space in the country.

“The cessation issue has no place here, these politicians are moving nowhere.” He said

At the same time, Kilifi County nominated senator Christine Zawadi called on the locals to apply for various funds disbursed by both the national and the County government.

She highlighted that compared to other coastal counties Kilifi County has not been able to fully utilize the funds released by the national government.

“I want to call upon Kilifi County residents to apply for all the funds from the national government.” The nominated senator said.

 The senator urged county governments to adhere to the 30 per cent tender allocation to the youth and women.

She pleaded on Kenyans throughout the country to maintain peace insisting that the political heat has faded away and Kenyans should strive to put food on the table and develop the country at large.

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